European, National and Transnational Industrial Relations: Visible and Invisible Hands in European and National Wage Setting
Bernd Brandl, Barbara Bechter, Jan Czarzasty, Alex Lehr, Oscar Molina, Patrik Nordin, Dominik Owczarek, and Aarron Toal 2021
Given that the European industrial relations system consists of many national industrial relations with national actors embedded in national institutional frameworks makes the implementation of any European wage strategy and policy extremely challenging. The high complexity and diversity of the European industrial relations system makes it nearly impossible to govern wage developments from a European perspective. In this research project, the complexity of the European industrial relations system was analysed in order to find pathways or examples on how a European wage strategy can be realized.
In this research project, it was evidenced that over time, i.e., since the start of the new Millennium, the complexity and number of industrial relations actors has even increased since industrial relations structures became increasingly decentralized. This trend towards decentralization also implied that the transnational coordination and governance of wages became increasingly difficult as more actors needed to be involved. Against this background, this project aimed to identify characteristics of some industrial relations systems which allowed for coordination.