Thomas Heipeter, Dominik Owczarek, Michele Faioli, Feliciano Iudicone
The report sums up different views emerging on platform business models and the strategies adopted by various social partners, policy makers and other stakeholders to address challenges posed by the ‘gig economy’ in Germany, France, Italy, Poland, Spain, and Sweden.
The report builds on the results of the work carried out as part of the ‘Don’t GIG up!’ project, which matched literature reviews and field research activities to investigate working conditions and business models in the gig economy as well as to understand the achievements and limits of attempts to increase the protection of gig workers. More precisely, the scope of the project was work carried out through labour platforms.
At the onset of the research, such platforms were divided into four groups according to their core activities, i.e.: (1) platforms matching transport services; (2) platforms matching delivery services; (3) platforms matching traditional gigs, e.g. cleaning, translation services; (4) platforms externalising micro-tasks, often performed on the web, to a ‘crowd’ of workers. Platforms which do not intermediate work (e.g. sharing platforms like BlaBlaCar or marketplaces for businesses like Airbnb) were generally excluded from the observation field.
Running for 24 months (February 2018 – January 2020), the project brought together unions and research centres to analyse features and challenges of the gig economy in the above mentioned countries. As a final step, the project partners developed the present Final Report as well as the project Policy Recommendations meant to improve the working conditions and social protection of gig workers.
The project partners:
• Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini (IT) - lider • Institute of Public Affairs (PL) • L'Institut de recherches économiques et sociales - IRES (FR) • UGT Unión General de Trabajadores (ES) • UIL (IT) Associated partners: • European Trade Union Confederation - ETUC • Confederation General du Travail- Force Ouvriere-FO (FR), • NSZZ "Solidarność" (PL), • Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft - Ver.di (DE) • Unionen (SE).
The project co-funded by the Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission.