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New Modes of Governance - Phase 1: Social and civic dialogue (2004-2008)



New Modes of Governance in New European Union Member States. A report on social dialogue in selected European Union countries
Tomasz Grzegorz Grosse
The objective of this report is to assess new modes of governance associated with social dialogue in three new EU member states – Poland, Lithuania and Estonia. The starting point of the study was a comparison of two state models – administrative and network. The outcome of the study shows “path dependency” in Eastern European countries. Pursuant to the socialist legacy, an administrative state model continues to dominate. It is reinforced by the innate political culture and persistent administrative patterns. This reflects on the manner in which new modes of governance associated with social dialogue are implemented in the practice of state administration. Rather than transforming the existing administrative model into the network one, they are absorbed by it.

New Modes of Governance in New European Union Member States. A report on social dialogue in selected European Union countries

 

 

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Estonia
Tomasz Grzegorz Grosse and Erik Sootla
The report presents the results of the research on the institutions of social dialogue and of tripartite relations in Estonia. The research was conducted in summer and autumn 2005. The research focused on the role of the government and of social partners in the Social and Economic Council and the tripartite negotiations as the main institutions of social dialogue in Estonia. The role and influence of the government in the Social and Economic Council and tripartite negotiations as well as the entire social dialogue was of particular interest. Three issues were selected as particular examples of tripartite relations in Estonia: (1) the debates over the adoption of the new Labour Code (e.g. Employment Contract Act) (1989-2005); (2) the debate concerning the negotiations over the minimum wage level in the national tripartite negotiations’ rounds (1993-2005); (3) the specific of drafting the Estonian National Action Plan for Employment (2000-2005). The paper analytically draws upon the issues of legitimacy, efficiency, accountability and transparency in Estonian tripartite relations.

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Estonia

 

 

Civic Dialogue in Poland – Consultations of the Draft of the National Development Plan 2007–2013
Olga Napiontek and Mateusz Falkowski
The report analyses the process of public consultations of the draft of the National Development Plan for 2007-2013 in Poland, initiated by the left-wing government of Premier Marek Belka and conducted in January-September 2005. They were the first consultations in Poland after 1989 conducted by the government on such a large scale and with participation of a broad group of various organizations. The consultations of the NDP draft are treated here as an example of increasing participation of social partners and interest groups in activities and decisions of Polish public administration. They are also an example of leaving behind the path of a narrow dialogue with employers and trade unions, and separate contacts with territorial self-governments, in favour of a civic dialogue, where the group of partners is broadened by numerous non-governmental, academic and community organizations. The main research questions concern the extent to which NDP draft consultations can be treated as a beginning of a more institutionalized application of such non-hierarchic methods of consulting and deciding in the Polish governance process, and to what extent these consultations have introduced the principles of transparency and accountability to the Polish system of governance. In the report two main dimensions: sectoral and regional are analyzed. At the regional level, two provinces were selected: Mazowieckie and Dolnoslaskie Woivodships. At the sectoral dimension the study was focused on three particular sectors: tourism, natural environment, and NGOs. The study was qualitative in nature. The key research methods were in-depth interviews with actors involved in consultations process and document analysis. The study was conducted between September and November 2005.

Civic Dialogue in Poland – Consultations of the Draft of the National Development Plan 2007–2013

 

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Lithuania
Rita Stafejeva
The report presents the results of the research on the institution of social dialogue - the Tripartite Council in Lithuania. The research was conducted in summer 2005. The research was focused on the functioning of the Tripartite Council and the role of the social partners within this institution. The role and influence of the government in the Tripartite Council was of particular interest. In order to get the deeper insight into functioning of the Council and the roles of the social partners within it, two issues were selected as the particular examples of the work of the Tripartite Council: (1) discussions over the Labour Code draft in conducted in 1995-2002; and (2) the debates on the increasing of the minimal monthly wage in May 2005. The report is organized as follows: the introduction and the short description of the methodology are followed by the presentation of the brief historical survey of the Tripartite Council and the presentation of the current condition of the social dialogue in Lithuania. It is followed by the analysis of the functions and procedures of debates in the Council as well as the short description of the social partners. The following part deals with the issues of accountability, transparency, legitimacy and efficiency in context of the Tripartite Council. Then, the issues chosen for analysis are discussed. Finally, the issue of weakness and strength of social partners and its impact on the functioning of the Tripartite Council are analysed. The report closes with conclusions.

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Lithuania

 

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Poland
Mateusz Falkowski
The report presents the results of the research on the tripartite dialogue in Poland. The object of the study and report is the performance of the Tripartite Commission after the adoption of the new law in 2001, and after the SLD/UP/PSL left-wing coalition government of Leszek Miller came to power in 2001. The functioning and role of the Tripartite Commission is analyzed primarily using the example of negotiations surrounding the Labour Code reform in 2002 and public consultations accompanying the government’s public spending reform plan initiated by deputy prime minister Jerzy Hausner in 2004. The study analyses the functioning of the consultation system, the role played by social partners, their actual impact on decisions and the process of state policy development; and relations between new methods of governance and the old (hierarchical) ones. The report concludes with an analysis of the extent to which consultations and associated innovations have promoted the effectiveness and legitimization of the reform process.

Tripartite Commission, Effectiveness, Legitimacy and Pathologies of Weak States: Case Study Report Poland

 

 Report of the Interim Seminar Civic and Social Dialogue in New Member Countries of the EU



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